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Pema Khandu

Date of Birth: 21 August 1979
Political Party: Bharatiya Janata Party
Occupation: Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh
Career Start: 2011
Residence: Tawang and Itanagar
Education: Graduated from Hindu College, Delhi University, BA (Hons) History, year 2000

Life Story

Pema Khandu (born 21 August 1979) is an Indian politician and the Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh. Since assuming office of chief minister in July 2016, he and his government have twice changed their party affiliation; in September from the Indian National Congress to the Peoples Party of Arunachal, and then in December 2016 to the Bharatiya Janata Party. Previously he had served as Minister of Tourism, Urban Development and Water Resources in Nabam Tuki‘s government He is the eldest son of former Chief Minister Dorjee Khandu, who died in helicopter tragedy on 30 April 2011 on a constituency visit to Tawang. His political life skyrocketed after the death of his father making him youngest minister in the state cabinet. He is a Buddhist by religion.

Political Career

Post his father’s death, Khandu was included in the state government as Cabinet Minister for Water Resource Development and Tourism. He won the bye election to his father’s constituency uncontested Mukto on 30 June 2011 as an Indian National Congress candidate.

Khandu became a secretary of the Arunachal Pradesh Congress Committee in 2005, and the president of the Tawang District Congress Committee in 2010. He was elected Congress Legislature Party leader on 16 July 2016 replacing Nabam Tuki.

Khandu was re-elected unopposed from Mukto in the 2014 Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly election. Khandu took the oath as the chief minister of Arunachal Pradesh on 17 July 2016 at the age of 37 years following a yearlong political crisis.

On 16 September 2016, 43 MLAs from the ruling party, under the CM Pema Khandu, defected from Indian National Congress to People’s Party of Arunachal, an ally of Bharatiya Janata Party.

On 21 December 2016 in a high octane drama Khandu was suspended from the party by the party president and Takam Pario was named as the next likely Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh replacing Khandu after People’s Party of Arunachal suspended Khandu along with 6 other MLAs.

In December 2016, Khandu proved majority on the floor of the house with 33 of the People’s Party of Arunachal’s 43 legislators joining the Bharatiya Janata Party as the BJP increased its strength to 45 with support of two independents as it had 11 MLAs already. He became second Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh of Bharatiya Janata Party in Arunachal Pradesh after 44 days Gegong Apang led government in 2003.

All the promises made by the party

– Jammu & Kashmir – Article 370

The Manifesto read: We are committed to annulling Article 35A of the Constitution of India as the provision is discriminatory against non-permanent residents and women of Jammu and Kashmir. We believe that Article 35A is an obstacle in the development of the state. We will take all steps to ensure a safe and peaceful environment for all residents of the state. We will make all efforts to ensure the safe return of Kashmiri Pandits and we will provide financial assistance for the resettlement of refugees from West Pakistan, Pakistan occupied Jammu and Kashmir (POJK) and Chhamb.

– Reinforcing Border Security
The manifesto read: We have completed building six integrated check-posts with another under construction to facilitate easier trade and travel from the neighboring countries. We will further ease the movement of goods and people by constructing 14 more integrated check-posts by 2024. After completion of all the proposed integrated check-posts, all trade movement with Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan will be conducted through the integrated check-posts.

– Doubling farmers’ income

The manifesto read: At the very beginning of our current term, Prime Minister Modi embarked on a mission to double farmers’ income. We will make all efforts to achieve this goal by 2022.

The manifesto promised:

25 lakh crore investment in Agri-rural sector – We are committed to making an investment of Rs. 25 lakh crore to improve the productivity of the farm sector.

Interest-free Kisan Credit Card loans – We will provide sho-term new agriculture loans up to Rs. 1 lakh at a 0% interest rate for 1-5 years on the condition of prompt repayment of the principal amount.

– Citizenship Amendment Bill

The manifesto read: We are committed to the enactment of the Citizenship Amendment Bill for the protection of individuals of religious minority communities from neighbouring countries escaping persecution. We will make all efforts to clarify the issues to the sections of population from the Northeastern states who have expressed apprehensions regarding the legislation. We reiterate our commitment to protect the linguistic, cultural and social identity of the people of Northheast. Hindus, Jains, Buddhists and Sikhs escaping persecution from India’s neighbouring countries will be given citizenship in India.

– Zero-Tolerance Approach to Terrorism

The Manifesto read: Our security doctrine will be guided by our national security interest only. This is exemplified by the Surgical Strikes and the Air Strikes carried out recently. We will firmly continue our policy of Zero Tolerance’ against terrorism and extremism and will continue to follow our policy of giving a free hand to our security forces in combating terrorism.

– National Security

The manifesto read: Strengthening our Armed Forces – We will speed up the purchases of outstanding defense-related equipment and weapons. In order to equip the Armed Forces with modern equipment, we will continue to take focused steps to strengthen the strike capability of the Armed Forces.

– Welfare of Soldiers

The manifesto read: We have already demonstrated our commitment to the welfare of our veterans with the implementation of long-delayed OROP. To take this commitment forward, we promise to create a more effective framework for the resettlement of our Armed Forces veterans. Under this effort, the Armed Forces will start planning for the resettlement of soldiers three years before their retirement and in accordance with their preferences. This will include provision for skills training, so skills training, financial support for higher education, for housing and for staring an enterprise.

– Combating Infiltration

The manifesto read: There has been a huge change in the cultural and linguistic identity of some areas due to illegal immigration, resulting in an adverse impact on local people’s livelihood and employment. We will expeditiously complete the National Register of Citizens process in these areas on priority. In future we will implement the NRC in a phased manner in other pas of the country

– Ram Mandir

The Manifesto read: We reiterate our stand on Ram Mandir. We will explore all possibilities within the framework of the Constitution and all necessary efforts to facilitate the expeditious construction of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya.

– Uniform Civil Code

The Manifesto read – Article 44 of the Constitution of India lists Uniform Civil Code as one of the Directive Principles of State Policy. BJP believes that there cannot be gender equality till such time India adopts a Uniform Civil Code, which protects the rights of all women, and the BJP reiterates its stand to draft Uniform Civil Code, drawing upon the best traditions and harmonizing them with the modern times.