For decades, humans have been destroying the environment for economic gains. And over the years destruction has increased at rapid rates. We have now reached a point that it has become almost impossible to undo the damage done. In order to save life on earth, we should start finding better alternatives for the economic gains.
How does plastic effect our environment?
In 2017 scientists crunched some numbers and found out that we have 9.2 billion tons of plastic to deal with and of that 6.9 billion tons have become waste out of which 6.3 billion tons hasn’t been recycled ever.
Plastics survives even the harshest of the climatic conditions. It takes 500 years for a simple plastic to break into their chemical components whereas the complex plastic i.e. most of them are non-biodegradable and can never be broken.
The plastics do not decompose into their constituents but break down into minute pieces, known as microplastics.
The huge plastic and micro plastic volumes in the oceans reduce their Carbon dioxide absorption capacity, hence, CO2 levels in atmosphere rise resulting in global warming
These plastics make their way to the water bodies and affect the feeding habits there. Once these plastics make their way into the bodies of the aquatic animals, they cause several problems like loss of appetite (the plastics stay in their alimentary canal so they don’t feel the need to eat and die due to malnutrition or starvation), change in feeding cycle, low reproduction rate.
It’s high time that we find better alternatives of plastics and switch at a massive scale ,We also have to recycle most of the plastic. While India has pledged to ban single-use plastic by 2022, other countries, as well as corporations , are also taking proactive steps to reduce and limit plastic pollution and its effect.We cannot afford any economic gain which is not environmentally sustainable.